aging-in-place with universal and adaptable design
We strongly hope to keep our autonomy as long as possible and not rely on family members to help our daily lives.
The general and adaptable design concept optimizes the space of our family to accommodate a variety of people with different physical abilities, to keep people at home longer and to reunite the family. What is Aging-in-Place? Aging-in-
Regardless of age or ability level, place means staying at home safely, comfortably and independently.
It allows you to continue to live in familiar situations in mature years. Aging-in-
The place is your ability to stay at home all your life.
What is a universal, adaptable design?
Ron Mez, founder and project director of the general design center, defined the general design as \"design of products and environments that can be used by all people as much as possible\" and did not need to be adapted or specifically designed \".
For our purposes, we will limit the term \"general design\" as it applies to home design and related products.
On the other hand, adaptable designs allow simple modifications to the space to meet specific needs.
In the case that Universal design is beneficial to everyone regardless of ability, adaptive design provides access to space or products by changing or adding auxiliary devices that bridge existing barriers to use
The adaptive design is defined by ANSI a1 17. 1 (
National Standards Association of America
As, \"the ability of certain building elements, such As kitchen counters, sinks and handrails, can be increased, raised, lowered, or otherwise changed, to meet the needs of persons with or without disabilities, or to meet the needs of persons of different types or degrees of disability \".
The differences between general design and adaptive design can sometimes be ambiguous.
One can think that it is common to install handrails in a shower, as anyone can use handrails to maintain balance or safety.
But the installation of backing (
For grab bars, if the purpose is to install bars when needed in the future to provide opportunities for disabled people to use showers, then grab bars may be considered adaptable.
It is this obscurity that the general and adaptable design is not a problem of listing the project as a function;
But a philosophy of design.
The philosophy of general design is summarized by the general design principles developed by the General Design Center (see Sidebar).
What are some applications of general and adaptive design?
The universal design covers a wide range of home designs and modifications, extending from landscaping and low maintenance exterior and interior finishes to specific features that enhance the use and safety of the bathroom and kitchen.
For example, the use of energy-efficient building materials and solar design may be considered a common design standard because it is good for everyone who uses it.
From the point of view of universal design, some of the main areas we focus on are the entrance and access to the entrance, the overall interior accessibility function, the kitchen, the bathroom and the sleeping area.
Let\'s look at these methods separately to see how to improve the usability of each method.
Entrance and path one of the first things to consider in general design is how to remove barriers to entry from vehicle drop
Point to an accessible entrance.
In order for people using wheelchairs or other aids to use the path, we need to limit the slope of the sidewalk to a maximum variation of 1 feet per 20 feet m up and down the entrance.
We prefer the use of berms, bridges, or retaining walls, rather than the front ramps that might suggest vulnerable residents.
Anyone moving heavy furniture at home or outside will love this feature!
The entry itself has many aspects to consider in terms of accessibility.
These projects include providing air shelters, No.
A step entrance with a threshold less than \"high\", a motorized space on both sides of the door, a side light or a \"peeping hole\" to watch visitors, and sufficient lighting to operate the lock and provide safety.
Here we will explore some common design features that are not intended for any room, but should be considered a common application.
Whether the family is designed for agingin-
For the convenience of visitors, we would like to facilitate the main living areas and facilities.
This can be achieved by providing at least 32 \"transparent openings\" and 40 \"minimum transparent circulation routes through rooms and corridors on all doors leading to barrier-free areas.
We also want at least 18 \"next to the latch so that it can be easily operated by someone using the auxiliary equipment.
The lever handle is allowed to be used with the elbow, forearm or wrist and is suitable for people who are difficult to grasp or distort the door handle.
Another consideration is the placement of power outlets, switches and other actionable controls.
The raised socket between 18 \"to 22\" above the floor belongs to the range of people sitting in the seat, and can also help people who bend over and have problems.
Placing the light switches and other controls above the floor up to 48 \"allows them to be used from a sitting position.
It is also easier for children to use these switches.
Home safety is another important issue to solve through universal design. Non-
Sliding the surface of the floor will help to avoid falling and help with the use of walkers and wheelchairs.
Phones installed in strategic locations such as bedrooms and bathrooms will help to ask for help when needed.
In addition, lowering the height of the windowsill to a maximum of 36 \"high will enhance the use of exit windows in case of fire or other emergencies.
Kitchenskitches is notorious for excluding the use of a variety of people, and there are many universal design \"standards\" that apply to the field of home \".
Although the application of common standards in the kitchen is usually design-specific, we will cover some of the more critical design choices.
We must first ensure that we have the right floor space for all users, including those who use wheelchairs.
In the best case, we would like to see a 5\' obvious turning radius in the kitchen, however, at least, we would like to provide a 30 \"x 48\" approach in front of all appliances.
We would also like to provide knee space under the sink and stove top as well as a reduced counter (
For people sitting in their seats, in the work area.
Some adaptable standards may be used here for the introduction of removable base cabinets or doorsunder access.
Continuous counters between work areas can be a common design consideration.
An example is having a sink and a stove on the same counter so that a heavy object can slide between the two without having to pick it up.
Another idea might be to place a sprayer or faucet to fill the coffee machine or pot without lifting.
For ease of use, the selection and placement of electrical appliances need to be considered.
For people sitting in their seats, the controls need to be within reach.
The maximum reach height of all kitchen controls is 48 \".
It should also be considered to extend forward through obstacles, but this is customer-specific and uses mathematical formulas to determine the range of forward extensions.
The controls installed in front are easy to use for everyone, but need to be considered in terms of contact with small children. Side-by-
The side fridge is available to everyone.
A raised dishwasher, as well as a raised washer/dryer in the laundry room, improves the use of wheelchair users and people who are experiencing problems with the bending loader.
In addition, a series of cabinet functions are listed to improve access, such as pulling
Shelves, lazy Sioux people, spread waste containers.
Adequate task lighting is also a major consideration in the kitchen.
Bathroom Safety is the top priority of the bathroom as it is the room with the most accidents at home. Non-
Sliding surfaces inside and outside the Bathtub/shower area are essential.
As mentioned earlier, the grab bar enhances the safety of everyone, but it is especially important for those with increased risk of falling.
They are also very important for people using wheelchairs and can be transferred to shower seats and toilets.
The scalding valve is another safety function that is good for everyone.
People who use assistive devices are critical in the bathroom. Curb-
Less showers, people can roll
Stumble over or avoid the roadside of the shower pan. (
This feature also inspired some very nice bathroom designs! )
The dimensions around the toilet are critical for the passage, and all bathroom fixtures require 30 \"x 48\" minimum approach areas in front. (
These gaps can overlap. )
There are many accessories to choose from in the shower/tub remodel for increased safety and convenience.
Embedded soap and shampoo ledge, various seats and benches and adjustable height/manual
To give a few examples, hold a shower with a slide bar.
One of the important features that we would like to look for in the bedroom is that there is enough space to move on the bed, there is the appropriate space for emergency exits, on Windows with doors or windowsills lowered.
For equipment with strong adaptability, such as Med-Pole (
A stainless steel auxiliary device)or Hoya lift.
As mentioned earlier, the door to the barrier-free area, such as the bathroom and closet, requires at least 32 \"wide.
The adjustable shelves and clogs in the wardrobe are very helpful to accommodate a wide variety of items. SummaryAging-in-
The position means keeping the independence and control of life.
Your environment plays a key role in achieving this and measures should be taken to improve the availability, safety and comfort of your home.
This begins with a comprehensive personal assessment and independent home audits that may be done by medical professionals or trained seniors --in-
With this information, solutions for home transformation can be developed.
Some of these modifications may be made by yourself, such as using brighter lighting and slidingfree mats.
Other renovations will require a trained professional to broaden the doors and various renovation projects of the bathroom and kitchen.
Whether you\'re thinking about remodeling or designing a new home, look for experienced professionals to accurately assess your needs and find solutions to make your house a home for a lifetime.
A resource for finding qualified professionals is the National Association of house builders (NAHB).
They created the aging of certificationin-
Commissioner of location (CAPS)
Plan to help you identify industry professionals with skills and knowledge specific to the transformation of an aging family-in-place.